- Weak start emerging market currencies followed by modest recovery
- Weaker fundamentals weigh on Indonesia Rupiah
- Gradual yuan depreciation expected
Weak start followed by modest recovery
At the start of the week, emerging market currencies were under pressure, because of a strong US dollar and weak commodity prices. Economic data releases in the US reaffirmed our view that the Fed is likely to begin its monetary tightening cycle next month. The FOMC minutes came in as expected, resulting in no change in expectations of a 16 December rate hike; with the probability unchanged at 66%. After the FOMC minutes the US dollar lost some shine as there seems to have been some profit taking on long US dollar positions. The slide in oil prices, which was in place since 4 November, has come to a halt for now. There is some hesitance to push Brent below USD 43 per barrel and WTI below 40. This supported oil sensitive currencies such as the Russian ruble and the Mexican peso. In addition, expectations of a possible rate hike by the Reserve Bank of South Africa helped the rand. Investor sentiment towards Brazil has improved after Congress upheld President Rousseff’s vetoes of legislation that would have increased spending (which would have resulted in a deterioration of the fiscal outlook).
Weaker fundamentals weigh on Indonesia Rupiah
The Indonesian rupiah (IDR) declined to the weakest level in two weeks as the economic growth outlook is expected to remain challenging in the coming months, also reflecting the effect of El Niño and the haze. Weaker growth and commodity prices are also likely to result in a wider budget deficit, constraining the government’s ability to stimulate the economy. Although inflation is expected to move lower due to negative base effects, Bank Indonesia has stated that there is less flexibility to lower the policy rate again to support growth, as that might put too much pressure on the IDR given that the Fed is expected to tighten monetary policy soon.
Gradual depreciation expectation of the yuan
The Chinese yuan came under modest pressure for the third consecutive week, with the daily yuan fixing also weaker. Both onshore and offshore forward markets are also pricing in a larger depreciation in the yuan in the coming months due to speculation that the PBoC will tolerate a weaker currency after the IMF review of the yuan inclusion in the SDR by the end of this month. We expect the PBoC to continue to engineer a gradual depreciation in the yuan and intervene in the currency market to narrow discrepancies between the offshore yuan and onshore yuan rates.